Fraternity Government

Fraternity Government

Sigma Chi Fraternity’s form of government only changed once over the years. The original governing body, known as the parent chapter, acted as the headquarters of the fraternity and issued charters to new chapters. The parent chapter also raised and distributed funds and planned conventions for the society.

Alpha chapter functioned as “the Alpha” or parent chapter from the establishment of the Fraternity in 1855 until it went inactive three years later. At that time, parent chapter status passed to Gamma chapter at Ohio Wesleyan. The effectiveness of parent chapter rule waxed and waned according to the abillities of the brothers at Gamma.  By 1882, Sigma Chi had grown to 35 chapters–much too too large to be governed by such a system–and the Fraternity began to consider a new form of governance. When the Grand Chapter convened in Chicago in 1882, it adopted a new centralized form of government which is still in use today.

Grand Chapter

Grand Chapter is the Supreme Legislative body of the Sigma Chi Fraternity. During the meetings the members elect officers of the Fraternity. Generally, Grand Chapter has convened every two years since 1857 and has been delayed only once during the U.S. Civil War; and canceled twice in 1943 and 1945 due to wartime restrictions on travel and gas rationing.

The Grand Chapter consists of a delegate from each undergraduate and alumni chapter, the Grand Consul and the past Grand Consuls. Grand Chapter has the ability to change or amend the Constitution, Statutes, and Executive Committee Regulations; grant or withdraw charters of chapters; discipline any chapter, officer, or member. Grand Chapter creates an environment in which brothers become familiar with fraternal operations and can be recognized for their achievements.

Grand Consul

During the years that there is not a Grand Chapter, the fraternity holds Grand Council. It is made up of the Grand Officers, Past Grand Consuls, members of the Executive Committee, Grand Trustees, Grand Praetors, members of the Leadership Training Board, and one undergraduate from each province. The Grand Council may amend the Statutes or Executive Committee Regulations, but not the Ritual or the Constitution. 

Executive Committee

The Executive Committee of the fraternity consists of 11 members; the Grand Consul, Grand Pro Consul, Grand Quaestor, the past Grand Consul, a Grand Trustee nominated by the Board of Grand Trustees, a Grand Praetor nominated by all of the Grand Praetors, two undergraduate representatives, one alumnus member-at-large and the two most recent International Balfour Award winners. The committee oversees the implementation of the decisions of the Grand Chapter and the Grand Council. They are also in charge of the Fraternity’s budget, coordinate with the Executive Director to maintain the International Headquarters staff, administer the endowment and trust funds, and establish Executive Committee Regulations. The Executive Committee may also place on probation or suspend undergraduate chapters and investigate petitions for those chapters. The committee schedules the Grand Chapter and Grand Council meetings as well.

Grand Officers

The Grand Officers of the Fraternity are all volunteers, but each has a very important role. The Grand Consul not only serves as the Chairman of the Executive Committee and Grand Chapter, but is also the International President of the Fraternity. He overseas all activities and operations of the Fraternity and signs all charters and official documents. He has the power to interpret and enforce the Constitution, Ritual and Statutes how he finds fit. He also appoints all standing and special committees. 

The Grand Pro Consul is the vice president of the Fraternity. He is second in command and serves as Grand Consul when the Grand Consul is unable to perform his duties. 

The Grand Quaestor is the treasurer and financial controller. He oversees all financial regulations and the budget. He also reports to the Grand Chapter and Grand Council once and year and provides financial statements for the Fraternity. 

The Grand Tribune is the spiritual and fellowship advisor. He promotes exemplary scholarship, morality, and high ideals in undergraduate chapters. 

The Grand Historian collects historical material of the Fraternity and encourages similar practices among the undergraduate chapters. He is also responsible for the Fraternity archives and publishing the history of Sigma Chi. 

The two Undergraduate Representatives to the Executive Committee are elected by the undergraduate members of Grand Council and by active chapter delegates to the Grand Chapter. Each of these members serves on the committee during their last year as undergraduates. They are responsible for offering insight and their perspectives of being undergraduates in all Executive Committee meetings. There are also undergraduates appointed to each General Fraternity Committee to offer insight.

Also elected by Grand Chapter and by undergraduate delegates are Grand Praetors. The Grand Praetors are divided into provinces throughout the country and advise and maintain the chapters within their designated province. They also appoint an undergraduate member to represent their specific province during Grand Council.

The Board of Grand Trustees is comprised of eighteen members, all of whom are volunteers and serve six year terms. They are also members of Grand Council. Six of the Grand Trustees are elected during each Grand Chapter. This office oversees and maintains chapter housing-related programs and consults with house corporations and others who hold property that benefits undergraduate chapters. They also provide undergraduate chapters with solutions to liability coverage and mortgage financing through the advancement of the Risk Management Foundation and Constantine Capital, Inc.

Grand Chapter Locations

  1. Cincinnati, Ohio, June 12th, 1857
  2. Delaware, Ohio on April 27th, 1859
  3. Wheeling West Virginia on April 17th and 18th, 1861
  4. Two Different Sessions: Western Session held at the Phillips House Hotel in Dayton, Ohio on July 8th, 1863. Eastern Session held at the St. Charles Hotel in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on July 6th, 1864.
  5. Two Different Sessions: Western Session held at the Burnet House Hotel in Cincinnati, Ohio on April 11th, 1865. Eastern Session held at the St. Charles Hotel in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on December 27th & 28th, 1865.
  6. Washington, D.C. on December 27th & 28th, 1866 (Officially called Grand Chapter)
  7. Louisville, Kentucky on December 31, 1868 and January 1st, 1869
  8. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on December 28th and 29th, 1870
  9. Columbus, Ohio on December 26th & 27th, 1872
  10. Richmond, Virginia on October 21st, 22nd, & 23rd, 1874
  11. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on October 11th, 12th, & 13th, 1876
  12. Indianapolis, Indiana on November 19th, 20th, & 21st, 1878
  13. Washington, D. C. on November 16th, 17, & 18th, 1880
  14. Chicago, Illinois on November 7th, 8th, & 9th, 1882
  15. Cincinnati, Ohio on August 26th, 27th, & 28th, 1884
  16. Columbus, Ohio on September 7th, 8th, & 9th, 1886
  17. Chicago, Illinois on August 29th, 30th, & 31st, 1888
  18. Washington, D. C. on November 26th, 27th, & 28th, 1890
  19. Indianapolis, Indiana on August 24th, 25th, & 26th, 1892
  20. New York, New York on January 24th, 1893 (Grover Cleveland initiated)
  21. University Hotel in Chicago, Illinois on July 20th and 21st, 1893 (Held in conjuction with the Chicago World’s Fair)
  22. Cincinnati, Ohio on July 25th, 26th, & 27th, 1895
  23. Nashville, Tennessee on August 25th, 26th, 27th, & 28th, 1897
  24. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on September 12th, 13th, 14th, & 15th, 1899
  25. Buffalo, New York on July 23rd, 24th, & 25th, 1901
  26. Detroit, Michigan on July 29th, 30th, & 31st, 1903
  27. Cincinnati, Ohio and Oxford, Ohio on June 27th, 28th, 29th, & 30th, 1905 
  28. Old Point Comfort, Virgina on July 30th, 1907 (Held at the Jamestown Exposition)
  29. Chicago, Illinois on June 29th, 30th and July 1st and 2nd, 1909
  30. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on June 27th, 28th, 29th, & 30th, 1911
  31. Oxford, Ohio on August 6th, 7th, & 8th, 1913
  32. Berkeley (San Francisco), California on August 3rd thru 8th, 1915
  33. St. Louis, Missouri on June 28th, 29th, & 30th, 1917
  34. Des Moines, Iowa on June 26th, 27th, & 28th, 1919
  35. Cleveland, Ohio on June 26, 27, 28, 1923
  36. West Baden, Indiana on June 26, 27, 28, 1923
  37. Estes Park, Colorado in June 1925
  38. Louisville, Kentucky during June 1927
  39. Portland, Oregon, June 1929
  40. Cincinnati, Ohio, June 1931
  41. New Orleans during June 1933
  42. Chicago, Illinois, September of 1935
  43. Boston, Massachusettes on August 23rd thru 25th, 1937
  44. Los Angeles, California August 1939
  45. Detroit, Michigan in August-September 1941 (Last Grand Chapter until after WWII)
  46. Chicago, Illinois during September 1946 (Called the “Victory” Grand Chapter)
  47. Seattle, Washington on August 25th, 26th, 27th, & 28th, 1948
  48. Columbus, Ohio on June 12th, 13th, & 14th, 1950
  49. Washington, D.C. on June 19th, 20th, & 21st, 1952
  50. Cincinnati, Ohio and Oxford, Ohio on June 27th, 28th,29th, & 30th, 1955
  51. Toronto, Ontario, Canada on June 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 1957 (First Canadian Grand Chapter)
  52. Kansas City, Missouri on June 17th, 18th, 19th & 20th, 1959
  53. Miami Beach, Florida on June 27th, 28th, 29th & 30th, 1961
  54. Houston, Texas on June 27th, 28th, & 29th, 1963
  55. Denver, Colorado on June 16th, 17th, 18th, & 19th, 1965
  56. Miami Beach, Florida on June 19th, 20th, & 21st, 1967
  57. Atlanta, Georgia on June 16th, 17th, & 18th, 1969
  58. Scottsdale, Arizona on June 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, and 26th, 1971
  59. Toronto, Ontario, Canada on June 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, & 28th, 1973
  60. St. Louis, Missouri on July 2nd, 3rd, 4th, & 5th, 1975
  61. Orlando, Florida on June 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, & 30th, 1977
  62. Indianapolis, Indiana on July 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, & 13th, 1979
  63. Scottsdale, Arizona on June 21st, 22nd, 23rd, & 24th, 1981
  64. New Orleans, Louisiana on June 19th, 20th, 21st, & 22nd, 1983
  65. San Diego, California on June 19th, 20th, 21st, & 22nd, 1985
  66. Lake Buena Vista, Florida on June 25th, 25th, 26th, & 27th, & 28th, 1987 (Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando)
  67. Scottsdale, Arizona on June 21st, 22nd, 23rd, & 24th, 1989
  68. Portland, Oregon on June 26th, 27th,28th, 29th, & 30th, 1991
  69. Toronto, Ontario, Canada on June 23rd, 24th, 25th, & 26th, 1993
  70. Albuquerque, New Mexico on June 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, & 25th, 1995
  71. Atlanta, Georgia on June 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, & 29th, 1997
  72. Scottsdale, Arizona on June 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, & 27th, 1999
  73. New Orleans, on June 27th, 28th, 29th, & 30th, 2001
  74. Orlando, Florida on June 25th, 2th, 27th, & 28th, 2003
  75. Cincinnati, Ohio/Oxford, Ohio, June 23th, 24th ,and 26th, 2005
  76. San Jose, California, June 26, 27th, 28th, 29th, 30th, July 1, 2007
  77. Charleston, South Carolina, July 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 2009
  78. Dallas, June 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 2011
  79. Washington, D.C., June 27th, 28th, 29th , 2013
  80. San Diego, California, June 25th, 26th, 27th , 2015
  81. Providence, Rhode Island, June 22nd, 23rd, 24th , 2017
  82. Salt Lake City, June 27 to June 29, 2019
  83. Scottsdale, Arizona, June 24 to June 27, 2021

Grand Consuls

Grand Consul Name, University, Grad Year, (Term of Office)

  1. John S. McMillin, DePauw 1876 (1882-1884)
  2. J. Howard Ferris, Denison 1876 (1884-1886)
  3. Orville S. Brumback, Wooster 1876 (1886-1888)
  4. Frank M. Elliot, Northwestern 1877 (1888-1890)
  5. Walter L. Fisher, Hanover 1883 (1890-1892)
  6. Reginald Fendall, George Washington 1864 (1892-1895)
  7. Benjamin Piatt Runkle, Miami (OH) 1857 (1895-1897)
  8. William L. Dudley, Cincinnati 1880 (1897-1899)
  9. Joseph C. Nate, Illinois Wesleyan 1890 (1899-1901)
  10. Robert Farnham, George Washington 1864 (1901-1903)
  11. Orla B. Taylor, Michigan 1886 (1903-1905)
  12. Robert E. James, Bucknell 1869 (1905-1907)
  13. Charles Alling, Hanover 1888 (1907-1909)
  14. George Ade, Purdue 1887 (1909-1911)
  15. Hamilton Douglas Sr., Michigan 1887 (1911-1913)
  16. Newman Miller, Albion 1893 (1913-1915)
  17. Wilbur P. Allen, Texas-Austin 1901 (1915-1917)
  18. William C. Henning, DePauw 1890 (1917-1919)
  19. Lawrence DeGraff, Chicago 1898 (1919-1921)
  20. Stephen T. Mather, California-Berkeley 1887 (1921)
  21. Joseph T. Miller, Wooster 1893 (1921-1923)
  22. Harry S. New, Butler 1879 (1923-1925)
  23. Roy T. Osborn, Kansas 1900 (1925-1927)
  24. Herbert C. Arms, Illinois 1895 (1927-1929)
  25. A.P. Thomson, Southern California 1897 (1929-1931)
  26. Dr. Daniel Laurence, Cincinnati 1894 (1931-1933)
  27. Hamilton Douglas, Vanderbilt 1908 (1933-1935)
  28. Ralph F. Potter, Illinois Wesleyan 1890 (1935-1937)
  29. L.G. Balfour, Indiana 1907 (1937-1939)
  30. Dr. Frederick Scheuch, Purdue 1893 (1939-1941)
  31. Dr. William B. Ricks, North Carolina 1889 (1941-1943)
  32. Ben S. Fisher, Illinois 1913 (1943-1945)
  33. Charles F. Hough, Illinois 1915 (1945-1946)
  34. Patrick J. Hurley, George Washington 1913 (1946-1948)
  35. Sam C. Bullock, Oregon 1918 (1948-1949)
  36. John Neal Campbell, Vanderbilt 1914 (1949-1952)
  37. Ron. Stanley N. Barnes, California-Berkeley 1922 (1952-1955)
  38. J. Dwight Peterson, Indiana 1919 (1955-1957)
  39. Edward S. Farrow, MIT 1920 (1957-1959)
  40. Richard S. Doyle, George Washington 1917 (1959-1961)
  41. William P. Huffman, Denison 1911 (1961-1963)
  42. Harry V. Wade, Wabash & Cornell 1926 (1963-1965)
  43. Hon. Bolon B. Turner, George Washington 1922 (1965-1967)
  44. Floyd R. Baker, Nebraska 1937 (1967-1969)
  45. Norman C. Brewer Jr., Mississippi 1935 (1969-1971)
  46. John W. Graham, Q.C., Toronto 1933 (1971-1973)
  47. M. Craig Nason Jr., Southern California 1926 (1973-1975)
  48. Dr. Charles M. Thatcher, Michigan 1943 (1975-1977)
  49. James F. Bash, Butler 1949 (1977-1979)
  50. S. Jack McDuff, Arizona 1951 (1979-1981)
  51. Dr. George H. Jones Jr., Louisiana State 1942 (1981-1983)
  52. Gardner B. Allen, Emory 1928 (June 1983 -August 1983)
  53. Marvin “Swede” Johnson, Arizona 1950 (1983-1985)
  54. Keith B. Sorensen, Utah 1962 (1985-1987)
  55. Thomas F. Bell, Mississippi State 1935 (1987-1989)
  56. Robert E. Joseph, Willamette 1957 (1989-1991)
  57. Joel L. Cunningham, Tennessee-Chattanooga 1965 (1991-1993)
  58. Murray K. McComas, Pennsylvania 1958 (1993-1995)
  59. Richard E. Hester, Ball State 1977 (1995-1997)
  60. Douglas McWhirter, Toronto-Ryerson 1958 (1997-1999)
  61. Arthur H. “Buddy” Metcalf, Auburn 1969 (1999-2001)
  62. Douglas R. Carlson, Minnesota 1973 (2001-2003)
  63. Lee A. Beauchamp, Texas A&M-College Station 1975 (2003-2005)
  64. Keith Krach, Purdue 1979 (2005-2007)
  65. Robert H.W. Jones, Rensselaer 1973 (2007-2009)
  66. L. Wayne Tucker, Baylor 1985 (2009-2011)
  67. Dennis R. Santoli, Western Reserve 1967 (2011-2013)
  68. Michael A. Greenberg, Illinois Wesleyan 1982 (2013-2015)
  69. Michael A. Ursillo, Brown 1978 (2015-2017)
  70. W. Thomas Geddings, Jr., South Carolina 1985 (2017-2019)
  71. Steven Schuyler, ARIZONA 1979 (2019-2021)